Comparative law is a discipline which involves the study of the similarities and differences between the laws and legal systems of a wide range of countries all over the world. More specifically, it involves the study of the different legal systems in existence in the world. The use of the term comparative law to describe the process of looking closely at the legal system worldwide is a relatively modern phenomenon. Its use dates back to the 19th century. However, scholars and researchers have used the techniques involved for centuries.
The earliest use of the concept is credited to the 6th century BCE and Solon, the Greek lawgiver. Legend has it he compared the laws of a number of city-state while devising Athens’ legal system. The Roman commission is said to have looked at the laws governing Sicily’s Greek communities before creating the Laws of the Twelve Tables in the 5th century BCE. Historians also say, in the 4th century Aristotle devised his model constitution after studying the laws of 158 city-states. So as you can see, even if the term comparative law is new, the concept itself is not.
Sujit Choudhry is a modern expert on comparative law. A Rhodes Scholar with law degrees from Oxford, Harvard and Toronto University, Sujit Choudhry served as Supreme Court of Canada Chief Justice Antonio Lamer’s law clerk. He has also had more than 90 articles, book chapters, reports and working papers on comparative law published, check this on fundacity.com. He has also done extensive research on how comparative law impacts societies, constitutional design, minority and group rights and language policy. Sujit Choudhry has also taught comparative law at a number of major universities worldwide. Read Sujit’s interviews on an article on iconnectblog.com.
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But Sujit Choudhry is more than just an academician. He is on the United Nations Mediation Roster and has worked with their United Nations Development Program and the World Bank. Recognized internationally as a comparative constitutional law authority, Sujit Choudhry has advised leaders in Ukraine, Tunisia, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Nepal, Libya, Jordan and Egypt on the constitution building process based on his wide ranging research and extensive field experience with comparative law. More of this is discussed on blogs.law.nyu.edu/
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